May 9, 2017
Global warming refers to the steady increase in the surface temperature of the earth because of the affect of greenhouse gases. Due to this unnatural phenomenon, glaciers in the polar region are melting at an alarming rate, sea levels in various parts of the world are increasing and the cloud forests are diminishing. This is causing a change in the long-term weather patterns in many parts of the planet, which making it difficult for many living species to adapt to such a scenario. In fact, many scientists and experts in the field of environmental studies also refer this occurrence as climate change.
The greenhouse effect
Jonathan Schrag, the Founding partner of Hudson Strategic Energy, says when the sun’s light reaches the surface of the earth, the planet absorbs some of this energy, which ultimately warms it. This energy is necessary to sustain all living species and plant life on this planet. However, the earth radiates most of these ultraviolent rays back into the atmosphere at a longer wavelength. Unfortunately, the presence of greenhouse gases in the stratosphere act like a mirror to absorb most of this heat before it escapes into space and re-emits it back to the surface. Environmental experts refer to this process as the greenhouse effect. The two immediate effects of this phenomenon are an increase in the earth’s surface temperature and a rise in the sea levels.
Consequences of global warming
Environmental experts hold the opinion that if the human activity of burning fossil fuels continues at the present rate then following visible consequences of this phenomenon are likely to occur:
- Increase in sea levels
The most concern among scientists and environmental experts is the increase in thermal temperature in the oceans. Due to this, water molecules begin to expand in warmer temperatures, increase precipitation and melt mountain glaciers. This causes water bodies in many regions of the planet to swell. This could threaten the lives, property and livelihood of many people residing in coastal areas around the world.
- Severe weather conditions
The rise in global temperature will trigger the occurrence of harsh weather conditions in many parts of the world. Due to this, people of the planet could experience severe storms, hurricanes, and drought conditions. This will have direct impact on agriculture, which in many places where practice is dependent on climate.
- Other living species
Many creatures living on this planet may find it difficult to adapt to the changes that global warming will being about. In many cases, such living species may have to cope with shorter hibernation periods or migrate to new areas for survival. It is may result in extinction of those animals and birds who find it impossible to acclimatize themselves to the changing scenario.
Jonathan Schrag goes to say that global warming becoming of most vital environmental issues confronting humanity today and has the potential to lead to its extinction. In an effort to prevent this catastrophe from happening, the experts from the Environmental Protection Agency in the United States are going the extra mile to spread awareness among the various section of public.